ABA therapy is generally widely accepted as a well established and effective treatment option. This amount of therapy is and can be prohibitive because of both the cost and time involved. Does the individual who is advocating for or against ABA have any financial or professional incentive to do so? However, I am also strongly considering the Clinical Psychology licensure track program at another school nearby. Medicaid will cover the cost of services if a doctor prescribes ABA therapy, but only for patients under 21 years old. Applied behavior analysis therapy has been used for autism treatment for decades, and in that time, there have been hundreds of studies that show it consistently achieves positive results. Trigger Warning: ABA, ableism, institutionalized child abuse [Image Description: A bright red door with a brass knob and a faded mail slit. © 2021 Remedy Health Media, LLC ALL RIGHTS RESERVED, https://www.healthcentral.com/article/pros-and-cons-of-applied-behavior-analysis-aba, standard for trustworthy health information. ABA gives autistic kids and their loved ones a tremendous gift, and that … The kids were my motivation for going to work. Since then, ABA has increased in popularity and is used throughout the country. It is up to parents to be aware and to question a therapist's qualifications. Her wish is to provide readers with relevant and practical information on health conditions to help them make informed decisions regarding their health care. ABA became well known as a treatment for autism after a study by Ivar Lovaas was published in 1987. However, a child doesn't need 40 hours of therapy to be effective. Children can sound "canned" at first but as they learn to integrate their new skills into their life, the robotic element tends to disappear.  and the remaining cost of providing therapy is not affordable for many families. As early as 1972, a review of over 400 studies relating to ABA and autism concluded that these types of interventions showed the most consistent results Type in your email address and Emma's Hope Book will be delivered to your virtual doorstep. A paper written in 1959 describes how techniques based on the principles of behavior were used to improve the functioning of chronic mentally ill patients [Allyon & Michael, 1959]. Applied behavior analysis is a system of autism treatment based on behaviorist theories which, simply put, state that desired behaviors can be taught through a system of rewards and consequences. After thorough observation and evaluation, your child's therapist will tailor a program to fit your child's individual needs. ABA strategies can be used to help all youth learn new skills and improve their quality of life. Autism is a very real part of our society. Subscribe. While the greater prevalence of children diagnosed with Autism spectrum disorders is concerning, it might be attributed to the fact that medical professionals are becoming more adept at recognizing the signs and getting the child involved in therapy. The Pros and Cons of ABA Therapy PRO: ABA therapy is well researched and has a long track record of effectiveness. Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is often described as the "gold standard" for autism treatment. There is a Behavior Analyst Certification Board parents can check with to see if a therapist has gone through the certification process. ABA Therapy Pros and Cons to Home-based ABA Therapy. About 35% of people diagnosed with Autism will never hold a job or graduate from college. The past two weeks have passed in a blur. The pros and cons of ABA therapy are listed below: "About Applied Behaviour Analysis," 2012, Alexandra Rothstein, AlexandraRothstein.com, [1] "Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)," Date Unknown, Staff Writer, Autism Speaks, "Applied Behaviour Analysis," 2007, Lara Pullen, Ph.D., Autism Canada Foundation, "Families Cling to Hope of Autism 'Recovery'" 2011, Dec. 15, Alan Zarembo, Los Angeles Times, "Introduction to Applied Behavior Analysis," Date Unkown, Barry K. Morris, Autism -Help.org:Autism Spectrum Disorder Understanding Learning A. One common treatment plan for children with Autism is applied behavior analysis therapy (ABA therapy). Many did not speak and had previously been diagnosed as mentally retarded. A few years later, nine of the participants tested average or above average in intelligence and had moved into mainstream classrooms. Join 16,423 other followers Pros of NOT Mainstreaming: Depending on the needs of your child and where he or she is on the spectrum, there may be positives to not mainstreaming. Increases Life Satisfaction. Because children with autism are learning social skills, which may not be natural skills, they first learn to do so through rote and practice, much as you would learn a new language. ABA therapy has been used to help children with autism since the 70s. The leading method for managing autism symptoms is behavior therapy, typically with an applied behavior analysis (ABA) therapist. I. The practice of applied behavior analysis varies drastically based on where you are using it (clinic vs. school vs. in-home) but the principles are always the same. ABA Therapy Pros and Cons. ABA therapy is a very successful approach to helping kids do that. I worked for this company multiple years and in multiple locations. Every process and approach has certain benefits that make its use purposeful to the cause while also presenting a list of potential pitfalls for all involved. One of the concerns of critics Many school districts, even those who provide ABA services, don't have the resources available to provide ABA for that many hours. a pragmatic approach and examines the pros and cons of using applied behavior analysis in the classroom. Although many people just think of ABA therapy as being home based, there are multiple work settings ABA professionals can work in. Before deciding whether this treatment is right for your family, it's a good idea to become aware of the pros and cons of ABA. This criticism comes because part of ABA treatment is to complete drills of appropriate behaviors over and over. The Pros and Cons of Applied Behavior Analysis Therapy PRO: Research supports that applied behavior analysis therapy is effective. 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